Disruptive technology is any technology that displaces an established technology and shakes up the industry or a sector.
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Disruptive technology defined
A disruptive technology is a game changing technology that eventually renders an existing technology obsolete. Usually, a disruptive technology is first commercialized in a narrow market, where it is initially adopted by early adopters who are willing to pay a premium for the benefits it offers. As the technology improves and its costs decrease, it eventually enters the mainstream market and displaces the existing technology.
Types of disruptive technology
There are many different types of disruptive technology, but they can generally be classified into two main categories: technological disruptions and business model disruptions.
Technological disruptions occur when a new technology renders an existing one obsolete. One well-known example is the transition from analog to digital photography, which occurred in the early 2000s. Businesses that relied on film and darkroom processing were forced to adapt or risk becoming obsolete.
Business model disruptions occur when a new business model renders an existing one obsolete. A well-known example is the rise of ridesharing companies like Uber and Lyft, which disrupted the taxi industry by offering a more convenient and affordable alternative.
Characteristics of disruptive technology
While the term “disruptive technology” is often used to describe cutting-edge gadgets, the concept can be applied to any type of innovation that has the potential to upend the status quo. To be truly disruptive, a technology must meet certain criteria, including being significantly different from existing products or services, appealing to a new customer base, and having the potential to create a new market.
Some well-known examples of disruptive technologies include ride-sharing apps like Uber and Lyft, which upended the traditional taxi industry; e-commerce platforms like Amazon, which changed the way consumers shop; and home-sharing sites like Airbnb, which transformed the hotel industry.
The impact of disruptive technology
Disruptive technology is defined as a technological innovation, product, or service that eventually overtakes an existing market. Disruptive technologies are typically newer and offer greater efficiency or convenience than the existing market leader. Many times, disruptive technologies are initially dismissed as inferior to the existing technology. However, they often eventually catch on and become the new standard.
One of the most famous examples of a disruptive technology is the personal computer (PC). In the early days of personal computing, many people laughed at the idea of a machine that was less powerful than a mainframe computer being used for personal productivity. However, PCs eventually became so powerful and user-friendly that they overtook the mainframe market. Today, PCs are ubiquitous in households and businesses around the world.
Other examples of disruptive technologies include compact disc (CD) players, which disrupted the vinyl record market; digital video disc (DVD) players, which disrupted the VHS market; and online streaming services like Netflix, which disrupted the traditional cable television market.
Examples of disruptive technology
The following technologies represent examples of disruptive technology:
-The internet: The internet has disrupted traditional forms of communication, such as phone calls and letters. It has also disrupted traditional businesses, such as newspapers and bookstores.
-Computers: Computers have disrupted traditional businesses, such as typewriters and filing cabinets. They have also disrupted traditional forms of education, such as lectures and textbooks.
-Smartphones: Smartphones have disrupted traditional forms of communication, such as phone calls and text messages. They have also disrupted traditional businesses, such as cameras and music players.
Disruptive technology in the business world
There are many examples of disruptive technology in the business world. One of the most common is when a new technology comes along that makes an existing business model obsolete. For instance, the advent of online banking and stock trading platforms made traditional brick-and-mortar brokerages less relevant. Other examples include new transportation options like ride-sharing and electric vehicles, which are upending the traditional taxi and car industries respectively.
Disruptive technology in the education sector
There are many forms of disruptive technology, but not all of them are necessarily applicable to the education sector. Some common examples of disruptive technologies in education include:
-Online learning platforms: These provide an alternative to traditional bricks-and-mortar classrooms, and can be used to deliver courses and materials to students in a more flexible and cost-effective manner.
-Learning management systems: These systems helps educators to track student progress and performance, and can be used to deliver targeted interventions.
-Data analytics: This technology can be used to collect and analyze data on student performance, helping educators to identify areas of improvement.
Which of the following represents a form of disruptive technology?
While all of the technologies listed above can be considered disruptive in nature, not all of them are applicable to the education sector. For example, online learning platforms and learning management systems are both commonly used in education, while data analytics is less so.
Disruptive technology in the healthcare sector
There are many types of disruptive technology, but one type that is particularly relevant to the healthcare sector is point-of-care technology. Point-of-care technology includes any type of technology that can be used to diagnose or treat patients at the point of care, which is typically defined as the point at which the patient first seeks medical attention.
Point-of-care technology can take many different forms, but some common examples include point-of-care diagnostics, point-of-care lab testing, and point-of-care pharmacy services. These types of technologies can often help to improve patient outcomes by providing more timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment, as well as by reducing the need for costly and time-consuming diagnostic tests and hospitalizations.
Disruptive technology in the government sector
Technologies that have the potential to disrupt the status quo in the government sector are often referred to as “disruptive technologies.” These technologies can range from new ways of conducting business to new ways of delivering government services. Disruptive technologies can be either “incremental” or “transformational.” Incremental disruptive technologies are those that improve upon existing government processes and procedures, while transformational disruptive technologies create entirely new ways of doing things.
The future of disruptive technology
There is no doubt that disruptive technologies are reshaping the way we live and work. But what exactly is a disruptive technology? And what does the future hold for these game-changing innovations?
In its simplest form, a disruptive technology is an innovation that has the potential to transform an existing market or industry. Disruptive technologies tend to be radical, transformative and usually have a major impact on the way we live and work.
Some of the most disruptive technologies in recent years include the likes of 3D printing, artificial intelligence (AI), blockchain, driverless cars and robotics. These technologies are all set to have a major impact on the world economy in the years to come, with some estimates suggesting that they could add as much as $15 trillion to global GDP by 2030.
Looking to the future, it’s clear that there are plenty more disruptive technologies on the horizon. Here are just a few of the game-changers that we can expect to see in the years ahead:
1. Extended reality (XR) – This is an umbrella term that covers both virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). XR has a wide range of potential applications, from entertainment and gaming to education and training.
2. Quantum computing – This is a form of computing that uses quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. Quantum computers are incredibly powerful and could potentially revolutionize fields like medicine, finance and security.
3. Nanotechnology – This is the study and application of extremely small things – typically smaller than 100 nanometers (about one billionth of a meter). Nanotechnology is already being used in a variety of industries, such as healthcare, electronics and energy storage.
4. 5G – This is the next generation of mobile network technology after 4G LTE. 5G offers much faster speeds than 4G lTE – up to 20 times faster, according to some estimates – as well as improved capacity and coverage. 5G is expected to have a major impact on sectors like healthcare, transportation and manufacturing.